Donor Sperm

Using Donor Sperm

Whether you’re a woman and you don’t have a male partner, or a couple that needs a little bit of help, donor sperm is an option that can help you start your family. Donor sperm may be right in the following cases:

  • Severe male factor infertility (low sperm counts, low sperm motility or sperm that requires surgical extraction due to prior vasectomy or other conditions)
  • History of poor or abnormal fertilization
  • Arrested embryo development
  • Male carrier of genetic condition in couples not pursuing preimplantation genetic diagnosis
  • Serodiscordant couples (in which the male partner has an infectious disease, and the female partner does not)
  • Single women, same-sex female couples and transgender individuals

Patients using donor sperm will meet with genetic counselors and a mental health team to ensure an appropriate match, discuss relationship and family dynamics, age-appropriate ways to disclose to their children how they were conceived, handling any issues related to anonymity, and addressing any future searches for biologic siblings. A team of physicians, nurses, and counselors will be made available to help our clients through the process of choosing the best treatment path and sperm donor.

Finding Your Sperm Donor

Donor sperm can be used from a known donor, an anonymous donor, or an open-identity donor, allowing the child to contact the donor after turning 18 years old.

Any known-sperm donors must be screened by a licensed sperm bank prior to donation, in accordance with federal law. Known donors are also welcome to attend a patient’s initial consultation.

When choosing an anonymous or open-identity donor, the Reproductive Medicine Associates of Northern California care team will provide attentive and professional guidance through the selection process, including a listing of reputable donor sperm banks in the area, using available genetic information to ensure the match will the healthiest possible, and aiding with decisions like how many and which types of vials of sperm to purchase.

All prospective donors undergo rigorous screening of their medical and family history and genetic testing to identify possible carrier conditions that could result in the conception of a child with a genetic illness. All anonymously donated sperm will be frozen and quarantined for six months prior to availability to ensure the donor does not have an infectious disease.

Treatment with Donor sperm: Intrauterine Insemination and In Vitro Fertilization

During an intrauterine insemination (IUI) cycle, oral or injectable fertility medications may be used to stimulate the ovary and promote ovulation. Alternatively, Reproductive Medicine Associates of Northern California can work with the patient’s own cycle and time insemination to each person’s natural ovulation. Near the time of ovulation, sperm will placed directly into the uterine cavity through a small catheter, a procedures similar to undergoing a PAP smear. A pregnancy test will be taken approximately two weeks later.

Patients may also elect to use donor sperm for fertilization of eggs through in vitro fertilization (IVF). Here, donor sperm will be placed directly with the retrieved eggs in the laboratory to create embryos, which can then be transferred to the uterus or cryopreserved for future use.

Every path to parenthood is different, but the desired result is always the same. Speak to Reproductive Medicine Associates of Northern California today and take the next step on your path.